Diplomatic efforts underway on Russian grain, fertilizer exports, says Turkiye

Ankara looking into steps to be taken to meet Russia’s expectations on Istanbul grain deal, says Turkish foreign minister

Turkiye continues to work on removing obstacles to Russian grain and fertilizer exports,the Turkish foreign minister has said.

Speaking to reporters after a Cabinet meeting in the Turkish capital Ankara, Mevlut Cavusoglu said on Monday that the export of Russian fertilizer was also part of the Istanbul grain deal signed by Turkiye, the UN, Russia, and Ukraine in July.

“Obstacles to Russia’s grain and fertilizer exports have not been completely removed. We’re looking into what steps are to be taken to meet Russia’s expectations and we’re coordinating work (on this matter),” added Cavusoglu.

On whether another deal would be needed for the export of Russian grain, Cavusoglu said that if none of the parties object, the current agreement’s duration would be extended, making an additional accord unnecessary.

“The Russians have some concerns that these demands (on Russian grain exports that were agreed upon) are not met. Now, diplomacy is working to dispel these doubts,” he added.

Turkiye, the UN, Russia, and Ukraine signed the original agreement on July 22 in Istanbul to resume Black Sea grain exports, which paused after the Russia-Ukraine war began in February. A Joint Coordination Center with officials from the three countries and the UN was set up in Istanbul to oversee the shipments.

Russia had pulled out of the grain agreement late last month, accusing Ukraine of attacking its naval fleet stationed in the Black Sea.

Turkiye and the UN, however, managed to convince Moscow to reassess the decision, marking the end of a tense standoff that threatened to exacerbate the global food crisis.

Visit by Swedish premier

On Sweden and Finland’s ongoing bid to join NATO, Cavusoglu said a meeting on Tuesday between Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Swedish Prime Minister Ulf Kristersson in the Turkish capital would bear great importance on taking “concrete steps.”

Stockholm has repeatedly said it would take steps in this direction, noted the top Turkish diplomat.

Finland and Sweden applied for NATO membership in response to Russia’s war on Ukraine, but faced opposition from Turkiye, which accuses them of supporting terrorist groups such as the PKK.

The two Nordic countries signed a memorandum with Turkiye in June for cooperation in the latter’s fight against terrorism. Ankara says it will greenlight their accession only if they address its concerns.

Cavusoglu noted that in August, officials from the three countries held the first sitting of a permanent joint mechanism to oversee that deal’s implementation in Helsinki, with the next meeting to be held in Stockholm.

“At this meeting, the memorandum will be discussed once again and (the parties) will review what has and has not been done so far,” he added.

“Both countries have taken some steps, but at this stage, it’s difficult to say that they’ve fulfilled their commitments.”

Diplomatic normalization in Middle East

On Turkiye’s ongoing diplomatic normalization efforts with Egypt, Cavusoglu underlined that progress was slower than Ankara had hoped, adding that his country was not responsible for this.

He said that meanwhile, his recent meeting with the UAE’s Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah Bin Zayed Al Nahyan had been very positive.

“Now, in addition to the steps we’ve taken at the bilateral level, we’re talking about what we can do in third countries, including Africa, and other projects,” he said.

Cavusoglu also commented on the case of a Greek governor, Apostolos Tzitzikostas, who refused to enter Turkiye to take part in an event in the Aegean province of Izmir after facing a delay at the border. The foreign minister said this was a technical issue, not political.

“Due to a technical problem, the entry of a Greek citizen into our country was delayed. After this technical problem was resolved, the Greek citizen was allowed to enter our country,” he added.

Also responding to a question on “some Turkish officials are not allowed to enter Greece,” Cavusoglu said this had nothing to do with the incident in Izmir.

“We warned the Greek authorities about this issue. If the Greek entry ban against some of our officials continues, we’ll respond,” he added.

On a recent summit of the Arab League, which concluded in no negative resolution against Turkiye, Cavusoglu said this was the result of the normalization process.

He said Turkiye found the decisions of the summit to be positive in terms of resolving problems between Arab countries, advocating together for the common Palestinian cause, and increasing cooperation between Ankara and the Arab League countries.


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